MT is a manufacturer of childrenâ€™s Mobile Phones. In the
Budget-setting process, Budget X was prepared by lower and middle
management. Budget Y was prepared by senior management.
Unit Sales 20000 30000
Dollar Sales $600,000 $900,000
Less: Variable expenses:
Direct materials 260,000 360,000
Direct Labour 40,000 60,000
Variable Overhead 60,000 75,000
Variable Selling and administrative expenses 60,000 60,000
Total Variable expenses $420,000 $555,000
Contribution margin $180,000 $345,000
Less: Fixed expenses:
Manufacturing Overhead $60,000 $50,000
Selling and administrative 100,000 80,000
Taxes and Interest 10,000 10,000
Total fixed Expenses $170,000 $140,000
Net Profit (Loss) $10,000 $205,000
a) Calculate the cost per unit for the Variable costs (2 marks)
b) Why do you think budget X has high costs and low sales forecasts?
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