The ______ lobes are responsible for higher mental processes
such as decision making.
Dorothy has spinocerebellar degeneration, a condition that
is likely to cause her to have difficulty with:
reading and writing.
calculating and reasoning.
walking, speaking, and/or standing.
hearing and seeing.
Why is the cortex so wrinkled?
The wrinkles allow for better blood circulation.
The wrinkles allow it to fit inside the skull.
Its various parts need to overlap with each other.
Its peculiar shape is vital to its function.
Which of the following is TRUE about deep lesioning?
It takes an X-ray of the brain.
It is routinely done on humans.
It is only done on animals.
It is the best way to study the human brain.
A functional MRI (fMRI) and a PET scan both:
provide a way to measure the functioning and activity of the
provide detailed computerized interpretations of brain
produce black and white scans of the brain’s structures.
create selective injuries that allow researchers to study
Which of the following diagnostic tools involve injecting a
person with radioactive glucose to map brain function?
Which endocrine gland is located in the neck and regulates
, p. 65
What is the primary role of the adrenal glands?
regulating sexual behavior
________ provides energy for the brain during stress.
The adrenal glands are located right on top of:
The brain is primarily comprised of two different kinds of
cells. They are neurons and:
When a neuron is at rest, the ions inside the cell are
mostly _______ and the ions outside the cell are mostly _______.
positively charged; negatively charged
negatively charged; positively charged
stronger when there is a strong stimulus.
partially when there is a strong stimulus.
either full strength or not at all.
partially when there is a weak stimulus.
In the disease _______, the myelin sheath is destroyed.
A branch of the life sciences that deals with the structure
and functioning of the nervous system is called ________.
Special types of glial cells generate a protective fatty
The sac-like structures that are found at the end of a
neuron’s axon and that contain neurotransmitters are called:
What is a biological reason for why heroin is addictive?
The bodies of heroin users do not produce endorphins, so
withdrawal is very painful.
Neurotransmitters are damaged and continue sending
stimulating messages to cells.
It produces an excess of dopamine in the brain.
Heroin bonds with serotonin, producing mental confusion in
When people are walking, raising their hands in class, or
smelling a flower, they are using the:
somatic nervous system.
autonomic nervous system.
central nervous system.
skeletal nervous system.
If the pancreas secretes too much insulin, it results in a
condition known as:
Mr. Phillips is having a test to see if he is suffering from
seizures. Electrodes are attached to his scalp to measure the electrical
activity of the brain. Mr. Phillips is having a(n):
The thalamus can be likened to a:
Which statement most accurately explains the difference in
functioning between the right hemisphere of the brain and the left hemisphere?
The right specializes in logical thought processes.
The right processes information all at once, whereas the
left breaks things down into parts.
The right processes information from the right side of the
body, whereas the left processes information from the left side.
The right sees things upside down, whereas the left sees
them right side up.
Unlike other glands, such as salivary or sweat glands,
do not have any effect on metabolism.
secrete hormones onto the body’s tissues through ducts.
do not have any effect on the body’s growth.
secrete chemicals directly into the bloodstream.
Sebastian is being evaluated for the presence of
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and is undergoing neuroimaging tests
as part of this assessment. If he is found to suffer from this condition, it
will involve several different brain structures. Which of the following would
NOT be one of them?
reticular activating system
The spinal cord’s outer section is made up of _______ and
the inner section is made up of _______.
bone; synaptic vesicles
somatic cells; dendrites
bone; axons and nerves
myelinated axons and nerves; the cell bodies of neurons
The part of the autonomic nervous system known as the
“eat-drink-and-rest” system is the:
the most advanced form of brain surgery.
the process by which neurotransmitters are taken back into
the synaptic vesicules.
the brain’s ability to change both the structure and
function of many cells in response to experience and trauma.
the research and study of stem cells.
The neurons that carry messages from the central nervous
system to the muscles of the body are the:
The job of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous
system is to:
stabilize emotions such as happiness and sadness.
provide feelings such as empathy and sympathy.
control voluntary muscles.
get the body ready to deal with stress.
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