You will prepare and submit a term paper on Third Generation Peacekeeping. Your paper should be a minimum of 1250 words in length. The paper will seek to discuss the application of the third generation peace operation in Africa.
The UN peacekeeping operations are established with the objective of addressing the insecurity challenges affecting the population. The shift to the third generation peace-keeping operation has been attributed to the fact that the internal conflicts in Africa, as well as the Middle-east, are not a result of economic, territorial, or infrastructure threats. These operations are set up to address health, food, cultural, environment, economic, personal and political insecurity (Fen 283). The internal conflicts in Somalia are said to be attributed to poverty, hunger and political instability.
The traditional peacekeeping methods have been characterized by failure when applied in Africa and the Middle East. A good example was the attempts by the UN to resolve the conflict in Somalia in the 90s. In the third generation peacekeeping operations, the UN employs both military and nonmilitary aspects to address the insecurity challenges. The military aspects include training of the police and the military forces of the state country instead of deploying foreign troops (Beebe 100). Military training also encompasses technology and infrastructure development. In other situations, a combined force of the police and the military personnel is established to address the pressing issues.
Other military aspects involve the maintaining and enforcement of the rule of law (Munson 211). This involves the training of the judicial system as well as the anti-corruption units on the maintenance of law and order. It also involves restoring peace by disarming the conflicting parties. In Somali, this has been applied to ensure that innocent civilians are not killed, yet the Al-Shabaab are disarmed and arrested. It also encompasses facilitating elections and implementation of a government in case of a totally collapsed state. .
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