1Running head: INFECTIOUS DISEASEInfectious DiseaseStudent's nameStudent's institution2INFECTIOUS DISEASEInfectious DiseaseOne of the most significant infectious diseases in the United States and globally isHIV/AIDS. The ailment moves from one person to another through sexual contact due to a mixup of body fluids with infected persons. Moreover, the disease may transfer through othermethods that entail a mix-up of body fluids (NIH, 2019). After infection, the HIV virus bindswith CD4 cell receptors. The virus then moves into the CD4 cell through fusion.Inside, it releases an enzyme that converts HIV RNA to HIV DNA, a factor that fostersthe ailment to move further into the cell nucleus. The virus then begins to use the cell for theproduction of more HIV proteins in the body, which later move to the cell membrane as newimmature viruses (NIH, 2019). The produced proteins then move to other CD4 cells inside thebody and repeat the same process until a person's anatomy is full of the virus.A complete assessment of individuals with the virus entails measurement of blood. Thefirst diagnosis is through an Elisa test that helps in defining whether a person carries the vir ...
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