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In Chapter 4, we are given an in depth break down of Diversion and Probation. Also, we learn the meaning of the two and can understand how they work, and how they differ. What sets them apart? Based on our text (Schmalleger & Smykia, 2015, p. 90), “diversion is defined as the halting or suspension, before conviction, of formal criminal proceedings against a person (often) conditioned on some form of counterperformance by the defendant” and “probation is the conditional release of a convicted offender into the community, under the supervision of a probation officer; it is conditional because it can be revoked if certain conditions are met.”

What is the process of diversion? “When pretrial diversion is used, a written agreement between the U.S. attorney and the chief pretrial services or probation officer defines aspects of its implementation” (Ulrich, 2002). Once implemented, the offender’s compliance is needed to move forward and there are rules, guidelines and expectations to be met on the offender’s behalf. Once critical issue noted is that of critics. We have learned that it helps with keeping jails less crowded but Is diversion helping or hurting recidivism? According to (Rivera, 2013), “McMurran and Theodosi (2007) found through a metaanalysis of 16 different …show more content…
I want to see crime decrease and taxpayers not suffer in the end. Understanding what factors lead to an increase in recidivism rates could be the grounds to develop programs to assist in a decrease. “Harnessing a greater understanding of the factors that affect recidivism could also help with the formulation and implementation of cost-effective intervention programs during incarceration and the period of probation” (Forkner, 2010). Decreasing jail overcrowding by abolishing harsh laws and creating cost effective programs to assist in the reduction of recidivism could save taxpayers a lot of

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