Question 1Research shows that the objective features of people’s lives, such as income, gender, age, and education account for about ___________ of the differences in people’s self-reported level of happiness.Answer:a) 50 to 60%b) 25 to 35%c) 8 to 20%d) less than 1%Question 2Studies of affective forecastingAnswer:a) compared people’s predicted impact of an emotional event to the events actual impact.b) assess people’s ability to understand why an event had the emotional impact that it did.c) examine the difference between “experts” and “non-experts”predictions about emotional events.d) measure the affects of the weather on people’s moods, feelings and behaviors.Question 3The study by Schkade and Kahneman found that students living in California and the MidwestAnswer:a) showed no differences in their predicted and actual ratings of happiness and life satisfaction.b) both predicted that the weather would not influence happiness, but in fact Californians showed higher overall life satisfaction than Midwesterners.c) were most affected by winter weather, with Californians showing higher life satisfaction during the winter, but not for the spring, summer, and fall.d) both predicted higher happiness for students living in sunny California, but in fact there were no differences in overall life satisfaction between the two groups.Question 4Studies of happiness across the life span, the mid-life crisis, and the empty nest syndrome suggest thatAnswer:a) both men and women are less happy during middle age than at other times of their lives.b) adolescence and old age are the least happy stages of life.c) strong family connections buffer the challenges of each stage of life.d) no age or stage of life seems to be happier or unhappier than any other.Question 5One explanation for the finding that teenagers and the elderly have quite different emotional lives, but similar levels of overall happiness and SWB, is thatAnswer:a) the averaging out of teens’ emotional highs and lows approximates the steady state emotional experiences of most elderly.b) global measures of well-being are biased by age-related attitudes.c) contrary to popular belief, the emotional experiences of teens are not that different than the elderly’s.d) the elderly tend to exaggerate both their good and their bad emotional experiences.Question 6Carstenson’s socioeomotional selectivity theory predicts that older adults and the elderly shift their life priorities from theAnswer:a) future to the past.b) future to the present.c) present to the future.d) present to the past.Question 7Gender stereotypes may be part of the paradox of gender as revealed in research showing that the “emotionality” of women may be more apparent than real. Research supporting this conclusion shows thatAnswer:a) women are more confused than men about how they should react to emotional events.b) “real-time” experience sampling measures show less gender differences in emotions than do delayed, retrospective, or global measures.c) women vacillate back and forth about their actual feelings towards an emotional event.d) men and women do not differ in their emotional reactions when they are talking with same-sexed friends or family members.Question 8From a eudaimonic perspective, the issue of who is happier, men or women,Answer:a) is central to defining who is healthier, men or women.b) misses the point of healthy functioning that is always a combination of strengths and weaknesses that co-occur within most individuals.c) determines how society should think about preventative mental health programs.d) is more of a paradox than for a hedonic perspective because women generally score higher on measures of positive mental health.Question 9Selection of effects in marriage refer to the possibility thatAnswer:a) people may select the right or wrong person to marry.b) people who marry are simply happier to begin with compared to people who don’t marry.c) evolution helps select the type of person that is right for us.d) that arranged marriages or cases where others influence our decision of whom to marry generally lead to poor choices and unhappiness.Question 10Religion and spirituality have been shown to haveAnswer:a) no relation to happiness and well-being.b) a negative relationship to happiness and well-being.c) a small but consistently positive relationship to well-being.d) a mixed relation with as many negative as positive effects.
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