According to John Rawls, if we were behind a "veil of
ignorance," deliberating about what kind of a society we would want
to live in, we would agree on the following idea:
"All [basic] social [goods]--liberty and opportunity, income and wealth...--are to be distributed equally unless an unequal distribution of any, or all, of these [goods] is to everyone's advantage."
Part 1: Explain the basic idea behind Rawls's
test--whether a social arrangement or policy is acceptable from
behind a "veil of ignorance"--in your own words.
Part 2: Give 2 examples of official laws or institutions or policies in current (i.e., not past or historical) U.S. society that don't pass Rawls's test of fairness, and explain why they don't.
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