Running head: PUNISHMENT VS. TREATMENTPunishment vs. TreatmentNameInstitution1PUNISHMENT VS. TREATMENT2Punishment vs. TreatmentThe juvenile court system was included in the justice system of the United States ofAmerica to avoid adverse results of punishing delinquents and focus more on rehabilitating them.As a result, the working of the juvenile courts includes the principles of both the retributiontheory and the utilitarian theories. According to the retribution theory, punishment is supposed tobe served to offenders so that they pay for their actions and relieve the offended party. Theutilitarian approach, on the other hand, is consequentialist, and it focuses on rehabilitation tochange the behavior of the youths. Nevertheless, in the 1980 and 1970s, deliquescence increasedsubstantially leading to the implementation of harsher penalties for offenders (Justice PolicyInstitute, 2009). Therefore, juvenile courts started seeking retribution more than rehabilitation.Nevertheless, the method of thinking has led to several consequences. First, there is a high rateof recidivism. Second, the juvenile justice system has become expensive to maintain consideringa large number of youths locked up and lastly, the system has failed to prepare responsibleadults. Therefore, based on the evidence, the current system has failed and needs to be changed.As indicated above, the high rates of recidivism are the first and the main reason why theretributive juvenile syst ...
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