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E13 Early Childhood Literacy
Lesson 6 & 7 Exam
Question 1Which is an example of recasting?
Question options:

Child: “I went to the beach.”
Teacher: “The beach is fun. I like playing in the sand and watching the waves.”

Child: “I went to the beach.”
Teacher: “That’s nice.”

Child: “I went to the beach.”
Teacher: “Let me teach you how to write the word beach.”

Child: “I went to the beach.”
Teacher: “Maybe you can draw a picture of the beach later and tell the class all about it.”

Question 2Shania said, “I ated it all up!” Her teacher, Mr. Sims, should:
Question options:
not respond since Shania said it incorrectly.
find a time during the day to teach Shania the correct way to say it.
. say, “You ate it all up? That’s great!”
teach a lesson during group time on the past tense of eat.
Question 3Seasoned teachers listen for:
Question options:
humorous speech errors.
perfection of expression.
a fully expressed idea.
content and ideas.
Question 4Karen asked, “Where does rain come from?” The best response for her teacher is:
Question options:
“The clouds.”
“I don’t really know, Karen.”
“How could we find out where rain comes from?”
“That’s really hard to understand, Karen.”
Question 5Most kindergarten teachers desire entering children to know:
Question options:
alphabet letters and sounds.
how to use self control.
how to print their first and last name.
their telephone number.
Question 6Hannah said, “I like blue the best. It is my favorite color. I am the only one who likes blue this much. That’s why everything of mine is blue.” This is typical of __________ speech.
Question options:
personal function
heuristic function
Question 7The text recommends that before presenting a finger play to children, teachers should:
Question options:
read it.
practice and memorize it.
sing it.
memorize the actions rather than the words.
Question 8If conducting a group with 2 and 3 year olds their group participation may depend on:
Question options:
how many children are present.
whether they like who they are sitting next to.
their feelings of trust and security.
whether they are touching and feeling the same objects as their peers.
Question 9Kayla is 18 months old. She looked at Mrs. Crenshaw and said, “seblisboo.” Mrs. Crenshaw did not understand any of what Kayla said, but her best response would be:
Question options:
“Say that again slowly.”
“Did you want to go outside?
“Speak clearly. I can’t understand you.”
“You don’t mean it!”
Question 10Teachers usually ask more of this type of question even if it is not recommended:
Question options:
Question 11Although there have been teacher efforts to enhance children’s dramatic play skills, teachers are urged to:
Question options:
interact by continually suggesting new and diverse ideas during child dramatic play.
remain in the background unless child problems or safety is in question.
hover, stop violence, and join in.
None of the above
Question 12Mrs. Bates watched David work a puzzle that he had chosen from the ones she put on the table. She listened and commented when David made guesses at the correct location for the pieces. This is an example of a/an __________ activity.
Question options:
Question 13A deciding factor that settles whether all attending children have to be at circle time can be:
Question options:
the school’s policy.
staffing in the classroom.
whether a quiet room area exists and children can choose to go there.
All of the above
Question 14Leaving one group activity and moving in an orderly fashion to the next is called:
Question options:
Question 15″If we put this ice cube out in the sun, what do you think will happen?” This is a/an __________ question.
Question options:
divergent thinking
convergent thinking
Question 16Researchers believe that engaging children in daily conversations could be up to __________ times more effective than simply reading to them.
Question options:
Question 17When planning group times, which of the following is NOT recommended?
Question options:
Review goals.
Consider group size.
Identify possible room distractions.
Keep child participation at a minimum.
Question 18Ms. Morris asked her students, “The plant is wilted. What do you think happened?” What type of question is this?
Question options:
Convergent thinking
Question 19″Sarah be nimble, Sarah be quick, Sarah jump over the candlestick” is a good way to:
Question options:
greet children in the mornings.
call children to group time.
transition from group time to another activity.
say goodbye to children at the end of the day.
Question 20Child costumes for dramatic play should:
Question options:
have manageable snaps and elastic.
include a mail carrier’s, a firefighter’s, and a police officer’s uniform.
be adult-sized.
never include hats or wigs because of head lice.
Question 21Noted early childhood experts worry that preschool reading-skill instruction activities may:
Question options:
reduce play time.
intimidate parents.
accelerate mental growth.
lead kindergartners to be bored in kindergarten.
Question 22The text outlines four phases that children negotiate to learn to read words. These are:
Question options:
prelearning, letter recognition, partial word recognition, full word knowledge.
prealphabetic, partial alphabetic, full alphabetic, and consolidated alphabetic.
symbol knowledge, letter knowledge, letter mastery, sound mastery.
sound understanding, letter recognition, sound/letter correspondence, word reading.
Question 23Those who study research usually recommend that early literacy instruction in a preschool should concentrate on:
Question options:
rhyming, alliteration and fluency, and phonics and printing.
letter naming, vocabulary, the alphabet principle, print awareness, and phonics.
phonics, rhyming, phonemic awareness, printing, and the alphabet.
phonemic awareness, comprehension, vocabulary, and fluency.
Question 24Which of the following is TRUE of reading methods?
Question options:
Whole-language has been proven to be the most comprehensive reading method.
Quality literature aids success for all reading methods.
A 1:2 teacher/child ratio is the best scenario for teaching reading.
Experiences focused on written language are the most beneficial to children.
Question 25A rebus chart has:
Question options:
numbers and letters.
prose and poetry.
color and texture.
pictures and print.
Question 26Latisha, age four, stops her grandma from entering an exit door next to an “enter” door. You suspect:
Question options:
Latisha has a sight word vocabulary.
Latisha is a bossy child.
Latisha’s grandma is illiterate.
Latisha is way ahead in her oral language development.
Question 27Goals of early childhood centers might include all of the following EXCEPT:
Question options:
each student having the ability to print every lowercase and uppercase alphabet letter.
printing in a lineal left to right direction.
relating writing to other language arts areas.
blending sounds in a few words.
Question 28The small arrows on most printing guides show adults and children:
Question options:
how bold to make letters.
the directions of formation strokes.
how circles and lines intersect.
whether a letter is uppercase or lowercase.
Question 29The language arts are:
Question options:
thought to include six arts areas.
interrelated and interdependent.
separate, distinct areas of study.
not taught until kindergarten.
Question 30Which of the following is NOT an example of informal testing?
Question options:
“Please write any words that you know.”
“Please write any letters that you know.”
“Tell me about your favorite book.”
“Please write all of the uppercase and lowercase letters.”
Question 31The experience that probably most promotes a child’s interest in print is:
Question options:
hearing and seeing pictures books read over and over.
having a parent or teacher assist with letter formation.
encouraging a child to sound out words when attempting to write.
incorporating a time each day for drawing and art activities.
Question 32The speed and accuracy that individual children display in naming alphabet letters is called:
Question options:
Question 33Transitional kindergartens have developed to:
Question options:
increase language skills over the summer.
take the place of regular kindergarten
work with unruly children before kindergarten.
let parents know their child lags behind.
Question 34Most early educators would agree that learning to read is a process that begins:
Question options:
at birth.
with a child’s first scribbles.
with a child’s first spoken words.
when the recognition of uppercase and lowercase letters is mastered.
Question 35Which is NOT a prerequisite skill for handwriting?
Question options:
Letter perception
Left-to-right understanding
The ability to form triangles and squares
A desire to write
Question 36Rosa is a newborn. As she grows, which will she learn to control last?
Question options:
Her arms
Her hands
Her fingers
Her head
Question 37Which of the following is true about new ideas regarding children’s writing development compared to older ideas?
Question options:
Speech and listening were thought to be accomplished without direct or formal teaching.
Older ideas said that children should not be taught to print and read until they turned four years old.
Writing, reading, listening, and speaking skills were thought of as developing in the same way.
Children were declared mature enough in kindergarten and first grade to have the skills necessary for instruction to print and read.
Question 38Ms. Hadaway asked Carly if she would like her name on the paper. When Carly said that she did, Mrs. Hadaway should have written it in the __________ corner.
Question options:
upper left
upper right
lower left
lower right
Question 39Research shows that __________ percent of three- and four-year-old children can consistently identify rhyming words.
Question options:
Question 40        Which is true of ordinal reading, the second reading stage?
Question options:
It occurs between ages four to five.
A child communicates with gestures, hand, or body signals.
A child names, uses, and joins words in grammatical order.
A child understands letters as units.

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