Write a paper that discusses global and individual poverty.
Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses global and individual poverty. Both perspectives will be presented along with different methods to address such models of poverty. 2. Individual Poverty The individual theory of poverty purports that the individual is himself responsible for the poverty that surrounds him. There are multifaceted explanations for the individual causes for poverty but all are ultimately tied down to blaming the individual. This line of argumentations is typically taken by politically conservative theoreticians who state that the right choices by an individual as well as continued hard work could lift a person out of poverty. Moreover they also state that most problems relating to poverty are themselves mere creations of the individual affected by poverty. Another set of ideas relating to individual poverty state that poverty is a result of genetic traits and as such it cannot be reversed this easily as it is hard coded into human nature and persona. The idea that poverty is a result of human deficiencies has roots in history. Previously religious ideologies related that wealth was a result of God’s favour. Furthermore disabled individuals were seen as being punished by God for either their individual sins or for the sins of their parents. As the concept of inherited intelligence took root in the nineteenth century, the eugenics even proposed that such disabled individuals should be sterilised in order to prevent further generations of poverty and misery. Rainwater has discussed such perspectives in detail and states that the religious perspective on individual poverty ensures that certain people live in hell on earth because of their misdeeds. He further states that such perspectives have misaligned the actual reasons behind poverty to a very large extent. (Rainwater) The rise of the neo-classical economics only augmented the individual theories on poverty by arguing that only the individual can improve their state of being through making wise choices (and investments) through the use of sound information. If for example an individual would decide on low paying investments or short term remuneration then according to the economic theory the individual is responsible for their own state of poverty. The economic theory also holds that the poor are short in terms of incentives because of welfare systems and this in turn only augments poverty. The consistent provision of free cash transfers to the poor is seen as discouraging the poor from finding a way out of welfare schemes and programs. Some economists have put the blame square on “war on poverty” programs to perpetuate individual poverty. (Gwartney and McCaleb) 3. Human Development Models for Individual Poverty Human development models that rely on individual theories of poverty tend to help out individuals through welfare and social policies aimed at employing individuals to eradicate poverty. However such policy approaches have been adapted readily without much attention to implementation. The major focus of such human development programs is to employ poor individuals in the drive labelled as the “workist consensus”. This kind of strategy is often augmented by subtle emphasis on “self help” stratagems for poorer individuals to lift themselves out of their own poverty. Such initiatives are often followed by the elimination of welfare and other kinds of social assistance.
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