disorders have psychological and physical symptoms. The
psychological symptoms include worrying, fear of the worst
happening, fear of losing control, nervousness, and the inability
to relax. The physical symptoms reflect the over arousal of the
sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system they include
trembling, sweating, a pounding or racing heart, elevated blood
pressure and faintness. Three types of
disorder, and stress disorders. Panic disorder is an abrupt
anxiety attack that is unrelated to specific objects or situations.
Individuals with panic disorder suffer physical symptoms that
include shortness of breath, sweating, tremors, and a racing heart.
They may also experience choking sensations, nausea, numbness or
tingling, flushes or chills, and feelings of going crazy or losing
control of ones self and surrounding. Levels of the stress hormone
cortisol are elevated during these attacks. The
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Physical symptoms of PTSD a rapid heartbeat, feelings of anxiety and helplessness following a disturbing experience. These experiences may include a threat or assault, witnessing a death, or a natural or man-made disaster. PTSD may occur months or years after the event. During an attack the traumatic event is revisited in the form of intrusive memories, recurrent dreams or flashbacks giving the feeling the event is recurring. Individuals with PTSD may have difficulty enjoying life, have sleep problems, irritable outbursts, difficulty concentrating, extreme vigilance, and an intensified startle response. Acute stress disorder is characterized by feelings of anxiety and helplessness caused by a traumatic event. Unlike PTSD which often occurs 6 months or more after the traumatic event and tends to persist, acute stress disorder occurs within a month of the event and last for 2 days to 4
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