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Franz Kafka's story The Metamorphosis looks at the principles of society. At first The Metamorphosis seems to be about a man waking up as a giant insect but there is a much deeper meaning. Gregor Samsa, the protagonist in this story wakes up as a giant insect, which effects his whole life. Gregor's relationship with his boss and family disappear. Using Marx theory the story reveals a metaphor that tells the story of a proletariat and bourgeoisie. Gregor , the protagonist, represents the proletariat, or the working class, and his manager represents the bourgeoisie. When Gregor is unable to work due to waking up as an insect is when we see conflict between Gregor and his employer. After Gregor becomes an insect the story shows how the different …show more content…
His manager represents the bourgeoisie. Gregor's manager is portrayed as challenging, cold, and insensitive. Kafka does not give the manager a name to represent his lack of humanity. The manager in this story is just worried about himself and his money, he does not care about anyone but himself. Gregor says that the manager "sits on the desk and talks down from the heights to the employees" (Kafka 4). He thinks highly of himself because he is in a higher economic position. His only concern seems to be the production of his workers. An example of Gregor's manager being inhumane is when Gregor is a few hours late in getting to work after five years of being on time every day, the manager travels to his house to personally reprimand him. Kafka's portrayal of the bourgeoisie manager makes him unlikable. We are led to become more emotionally attached to the insect Gregor than to the human manager. Gregor's metamorphosis into a insect is the main conflict of the story. This serves as a metaphor for any type of damage that renders the worker unable to work (4). Although Gregor transforms into this insect Kafka gives us little detail of the bug. Kafka wants to show the class struggle that is taking place rather than spending time describing the details of the bug. The story focuses on how Gregor's value declines as he is unable to work due to being this giant insect. After he has lost his value, his manager, and even his family …show more content…
Marx would say this was because the bourgeoisie no longer benefited from Gregor so he no longer needed him around. Supporting that statement, as soon as the manager saw that Gregor in his transformed state, he fled the house and never returned or sent any word to the family. After Gregor becomes unable to support his family financially, they all eventually abandon him as well. Marx and Engels state that "The bourgeoisie has torn away from the family its sentimental veil, and has reduced the family relation into a mere money relation" (771). The Metamorphosisshows an example of this when Gregor is no longer capable of working which leads him to be unfit to provide for his family with money, his relationships suffer. The second person in the story, first person in Gregor's family to abandon him is his own father. Gregor has worked his whole life trying to pay off his father's debts. Gregor and his father were never very close and was the harshest towards Gregor. His father never once tries to help his son once he has transformed into this inset instead he shames him and even attempts to kill him. For example, upon first seeing his transformed son, he "clenched his fists, as if to drive Gregor back into his room" (15). Then, one day when his son is trapped outside of his room, he attacks him by throwing fruit. The apple that he threw left Gregor with a "serious wound, from which he

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