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The term prosopagnosia was derived from the Greek prosopon (“face”), a-(‘’without”) and gnosis (“knowledge”). Simply put, prosopagnosia also known as “face blindness” is a face recognition disorder in which the patient fails to recognise identity of a person or even their own face in severe cases. In 1892, Wilbrand described the symptoms of prosopagnosia in a paper first published in Deutsche Z Nervenheilkd. However, the term “prosopagnosia” was not invented until about a century later, when Joachim Bodamer described about the condition of a 24-year old man who suffered a bullet injury to his head in 1947. The man fails to recognise faces of his friends, familyand even his own face in the mirror. However, he successfully identified them through …show more content…
Developmental prosopagnosia may occur since birth without neural damage, involving a mutation in gene coding with autosomal dominant inheritance (Gazzaniga et al., 2014). Some studies suggest reduced grey matter volume in inferior temporal cortex necessary for face processing reduced the activity of the core face network. Others suggest reduced connectivity from the core face network to anterior temporal structures which might be due to distinct genetic defects (D-T Jodie et al., 2014). Patient born with this condition might be growing up without noticing that they fail to develop the face recognition …show more content…
Some of the patients reported that they had traumatic social interaction difficulties. Failure in face recognition might cause them to feel anxious about offending people which in the end create feelings of guilt and embarrassment. The problems associated with interpersonal relationships restrict their social circle (Yardley, L., 2008). Up until now, there is no cure to prosopagnosia. However, compensatory strategies are one of the therapies that may help them improve their daily social interactions as well as communications. Since recognition is a learning process, patient can develop their ability to identify ones identity by using alternative cues in terms of non-facial features such as voice, hair colour, clothing, body style or any unique physical

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