Running head: THE INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEMThe integumentary systemAuthors Name:Institutional Affiliation:Date:1THE INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM2INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEMSummaryThe integumentary system, commonly known as the skin, covers the cutaneousmembrane surface of the human body. It is the largest organ in the body of humans, comprisingof epithelial, muscle, nervous, and connective tissues. The structure of the skin constitutes of twomain parts; the dermis and the epidermis joined by a subcutaneous membrane (Longenbaker,2017). The epidermis refers to the outer layer of the skin and is made up of epithelium; it doesnot have blood vessels. The dermis, on the other hand, is the deeper region of the skin made upof irregular connective tissues. The dermis consists of collagen and elastic fibers; collagens arestretchable; thus, they provide great resistance while overstretching and prevent the skin frombeing torn. The elasticity of the fibers within the dermis permits the mobility of the underlyingmuscles and joints. The hypodermis is found below the dermis and is composed of looseconnective tissues such as the fat tissue.The skin comprises of hair and nails, which are present all over the body apart frompalms, soles, and lips. The hair matrix cells constantly disintegrate to produce keratinocytesresponsible for hair formation (Longenbaker, 2017). The skin has two types of sweat glandspresent within the skin. The sweat glands are essential in lowering body temp ...
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