General Psychology Assignment1. Dr. Hendrickson is interested in how our thoughts, perceptions, and behaviors are influenced by other people. Dr.Hendrickson must be studying:a. interpersonalpsychologyb. clinical psychologyc. social psychologyd. personalitypsychology2. Larry has noticed that when he wears jeans and T-shirts he is treated differently when he goes shopping than whenhe wears a suit and tie. This illustrates how physical appearance can influence:a. person perceptionb. social facilitationc. deindividuationd. person polarization3. A man who lives in your town is very wealthy, but does not show it. In fact, he drives an old Chevy pick-up andwears worn clothes. Visitors to town who do not know about his wealth, are often rude and inconsiderate to him.This best illustrates:a. the central route ofpersuasionb. how impressions of others will influence behaviorc. how individual behavior affects diffusion of responsibilityd. the actor-observer effect4. What area(s) of the brain become activated when a heterosexual man looks at faces of athactive women?a. areas of the brain that are involved in reward and pleasureb. the amygdalac. the hippocampusd. areas of the brain that integrate visual information axd memory5. From a social neuroscience view, what effect does receiving support from a friend have on our brains?a. there are fewer stress hormones produced and distributedb. there are more stress hormones produced and distributedc. the sympathetic division of the nervous system becomes more actived. dopamine levels dramatically increase in the cortex6. Katy has red hair. When other people see Katy, they assume she has a temper. This illustrates:a. impressionmanagementb. a stereotypec. conformityd. socialcharacteristics7. John voted against Linda’s promotion because he doesn’t think women can do the job. John’s behavior is anexample of:a. a stereotypeb. prejudicec. an event schemad. discrimination8. Which of the following is an example of discrimination?a. a woman who thinks that all men are insensitiveb. a teacher who believes that a particular racial group is intellectually superior to all othersc. public washrooms being declared out of bounds to members of a particular ethnic groupd. someone who considers Germans to be orderlySchemas are:a. errors in attribution caused by cognitive dissonanceb. mental categories representing an organized collection of knowledgec. attitudes resulting in prejudice and discriminationd. factors that co-vary with the behavior we are trying to explain10. Tim says to his friend Juan, “Your grandfather is pretty fun. I never thought old people could be that much fun.”Tim’s comment is an illustration of:a. the fundamental attribution errorb. cognitive dissonancec. a role schemad. self-serving biasA group of friends go out to a Thai restaurant. One of the friends says that he will be in charge of the orderingbecause, as he puts it, he “knows how this sort of thing is done.” If this is, in fact, the case, the person would bemaking use of a(n):a. self-schemab. person schemac. event schemad. subconscious schemaYou see a friend walking towards you. You say “hi.” He doesn’t even acknowledge you are there. “What a jerk!”You have made a(n) _attribution.a. peripheralb. centralc. internald. externalAndy believes that he did not get a job because the interviewer didn’t ask the right questions. Andy is making anattribution based primarily on:a. the situationb. dispositionc. schemasd. cognitivedissonanceThe covariation principle says that in deciding between dispositional and situational explanations, we should lookfor three factors:a. consensus, consistency, and distinctivenessb. person, role, and event schemasc. behavioral, affective, and cognitive componentsd. stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination9.11.t2.13.1415. The tendency to overestimate the importance of dispositional factors and underestimate the importance ofsituational ones is known as:a. stereoffPingb. fundamental attribution errorc. schema-drivenProcessingd. prejudice16. The actor-observer effect suggests that, as actors, we attribute our behaviors to , , but, as observers, we attributeothers’ behavior to-.a. motivation;conformitYb. the situation; their dispositionc. consensus; consistencYd. self-schema; event schema17. ,,’When I beat my average bowling score, I attribute it to my skill, but if I score below my average, I blame it on thedent in my bowling ball.” This is an example of the:a. social comparison theoryb. covariationPrinciPlec. fundamental attribution errord. self-serving bias18. With regard to attitudes: cognitive component is to-as affective component is toa. beliefs; actions -‘b. emotions; feelingsc. thoughts; emotionsd. behavior; actions19. If your psychology professor wanted to predict your behavior in a future psychology class, she ought to determineyour:a. high school GPAb. willingness to commit the self-serving biasc. socioeconomicbackgroundd. attitude toward the current psychology class20. Which of the following words best describes cognitive dissonance?a. clashb. harmonyc. straightd. clearzl. Although paula loves her work with the American Cancer Society, she smokes cigarettes at home. This is anexample of:a. the self-serving biasb. attributionc. prejudiced. cognitivedissonance22. Which of the following theories says that attitudes follow behavior?a. atffibutionb. schemac. self-esteemd. self-percePtion22.214.171.124.27.28.The case of the hazing incident in high school and college clubs best illustrates:a. obedienceb. compliancec. consistencyd. conformityAt Jack’s office a number of men start wearing Hawaiian shirts on Fridays. Soon Jack begins wearing a Hawaiianshirt on Fridays. Jack’s behavior is an example of:a. conformityb. consistencyc. complianced. obedienceAs a class project, Dr. Thomas asks her class to attempt to replicate the findings of Asch’s classic experiment onconformity. What task will students in the class use in their attempted replication?a. requests for charityb. the effects of punishment on learningc. judging the length of linesd. expressing political opinionsBethany answers the phone and is greeted by a person selling magazines. She says that she’s not interested inbuying any magazines. But the person persists. She ends up buying several subscriptions that she knows she doesnot need. Bethany illustrates:a. the self-handicapping strategyb. obediencec. conformityd. complianceImagine that you have been put in charge of a fundraising campaign for your community organization. You decideto try the foot-in-the-door technique. Which of the following strategies would fit the technique?a. asking potential donors to contribute a fairly large sum of money and, when they refuse,saying you will settle for a lesser amountb. asking the same potential donors repeatedly until they give in and contributec. asking potential donors for a small contribution and then going back a few weeks later andasking for mored. offering potential donors a number of benefits and then asking them for a contribution toyour causeYou are at COSTCO. There are vendors passing out samples in nearly every isle, assertively asking you if youwould like to try one. You avoid accepting them because if you take one, you will feel obligate to purchase theitem. This demonstrates your knowledge of the:a. norm of reciprocityb. foot-in-the-door techniquec. arousal-cost-reward techniqued. door-in-the-face methodWhen you engage in behavior in response to an order by a powerful person or a person in a position of authority,you are experiencing:a. conformityb. constancyc. complianced. obedience126.96.36.199.In Stanley Milgram’s electric shock experiment, most subjects continued to give shocks:a. only up to the point they considered dangerousb. even beyond the point they believed was dangerousc. only if they had been paida considerable amount to participate in the experimentd. only as long as the shocks seemed to be helping the “learner” do betterWhat happened when the authority figure in Milgram’s study gave orders over the phone?a. SuUjects were more likely to agree with the group and disagree with the authority figure’b. Subjects obeyed the orders without question’c. Sudects were more likely to disobey the authority figure’d. Subjects were less likely to disobey the authority figure’The results of Milgram’s obedience experiments demonstrated:a. most people will not obey orders to harm others in the labb. males bui not females will obey orders to shock another personc. a majority of people will obey orders that they know are unreasonabled. pry”-hiut irts overestimate the percentage of individuals who will follow orders to harmothers in laboratory exPerimentsIn-,the person who is helping does so without expectation of a reward’a. diffrrsion of resPonsibilitYb. reciprocityc. prosocial behaviord. altruismA car is rapidly approaching an old lady crossing Hollywood Bollevard. Alan pushes the lady out of the way andis himself-hitby 11,” car, but saves her life. This is an example of:a. empathyb. altruismc. diffusion of resPonsibilitYd. reciprocity35. According to the _ model, we notice a situation, interpret it as one in which help is needed, assume personalresponsibility, choose a form ofassistance, and carry out that assistance.a. decision stageb. cognitive miserc. arousal-cost-rewardd. attribution36. According to the decision-stage model of helping, most people don’t help because they don’t:a. assume personal responsibilityb. choose a form ofassistancec. notice the situationd. carry out the assistance3j . Tim is a nice, quiet boy, except when he roams the streets as a member of a gang. While with the gang, Tim acts ina violent, vulgar fashion. His antisocial behavior is likely the result of:a. social facilitationb. social inhibitionc. deindividuationd. infusionJJ.34.38. Which of the following is associated with a greater likelihood of taking on an antisocial role?a. social facilitationb. informationalinfluencec. altruismd. deindividuation39. What does deindividuation provide an individual in a crowd?a. social inhibitionb. motivationc. anonymityd. an identity40. Adam is driving past the scene of an automobile accident. He sees that there are a lot of other people around, so hedoesn’t feel that he needs to stop. This is an example of the _ theory.a. athibutionb. catharsisc. diffirsion of responsibilityd. groupthink41. kr groupthink, the decision itself is _ than _.a. less important; group cohesiveness.b. more important; having a fact-filled debate c. Iess important; having a fact-filled debated. more important; reaching agreement42. Which of the following statements is most reflective of the social cognitive model of aggression?a. Watching violent television programs contributes to aggression in children.b. Frustration may result in behaviors other than aggression. c. Catharsis relieves emotional tension and prevents aggressive behavior.d. Children learn scripts for aggression through reinforcement.
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