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In the first semester we discovered the evolution of historiography and the many different methodologies historians incorporated to further their specific field of study. Although my current field of study is American history, what speaks most to me is military history. Military historians have always studied the great generals, their tactics and philosophies that they used to win battles and wars. Over the past 100 years a transformation within the study has occurred. Instead of the traditional “top-to-bottom” approach, historians conducted a “bottom-up” approach. Historians incorporated more social and cultural elements into their study, going from the great men and great events, to the study of the ordinary people and incorporating …show more content…
He utilizes literature in his analysis to discuss the relationship between social and cultural systems and “how those systems experience war.” He argues that the wars that are being fought by the soldiers are not just noteworthy for the individual soldier’s thoughts and feelings, but also it is important to look at what is being done back at home and how that can influence the individual. Joanna Bourke supports the “new militaryhistory” or “new social history” views. She argues that traditional historians narrowly focus on battlefields, commanders and issues of strategy which “seriously distorts what really mattered.” She argues what really matters are the different influences that occurred on the individual soldier and ultimately what they left behind for historians to discover, based upon their experiences. Instead of studying what traditionalist accomplishes, they study “the rest of military history– that is fascination with the recruitment, training, and socialization of personnel, combat motivation, and the effects of service and war on the individual soldier, etc.” They take ideas and methodologies from the other sciences: “sociology, anthropology, economics, psychology, and …show more content…
The study of regional history assists historians in discovering who lives in particular areas and why. They learn how the environment plays a part in what people grow and what jobs are supported in the region. After studying a region, historians can expand their focus to sectional history where they can learn how different regions relate to one another. Here an extensive study of ethnicity, race, class, gender, and culture occurs. However, just as social history affected military history, so too has it affected regional history. Richard White in his study of “Western History” discusses the danger “of the new social history of the West has been the incremental creation of a portrait of a region so subdivided by ethnicity, race, class, gender, and culture as to make the West itself seem less a region that a sort of social aquarium in which separate social species come into accidental proximity with one another.” He asserts that it “fragmented the history of the region.” For clarification, he adds: “Complaints about fragmentation have ignored the way mid-range generalizations began to emerge as scholars focused on questions of race, class, and gender. Like region itself, race, class and gender are comparative categories. They are markers of differences; they make on comparative sense; they

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