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Chapter 04 PreTest – PreTest
Delta waves are predominant in which stage of sleep?

N2 (R&K Stage 2)

N1 (R&K Stage 1)

N3 (R&K Stages 3 and 4)


Natural cycles of activity that bodies must go through are


biological rhythms.

hypnotic states.

states of consciousness.

A person with sleep apnea:

falls asleep without warning.

gets up and walks around while still sleeping.

experiences a state of panic.

stops breathing for 10 seconds or more.

Which of the following parts of the body controls the
sleep-wake cycle?


pituitary gland

thyroid gland

prefrontal cortex

Score: 1

Which of the following is TRUE about night terrors?

They are a common disorder.

They are a state of panic experienced while asleep.

They happen during a light stage of sleep.

They occur fairly equally in children and adults.

Mariam takes 20 minutes daily to sit by herself and
meditate. A fully meditative state is a form of:

convergent thinking.

altered consciousness.

waking consciousness.

non-REM sleep.

Calvin Hall concluded that:

most dreams reflect the events that occur in everyday life.

there are no gender differences when it comes to dreams.

everyone dreams in black and white.

dreams prove that people have wild imaginations.

In the ____________, dreams are less realistic because they
come not from the outside world of reality but from within people’s memories
and experiences.

activation-synthesis hypothesis

adaptive theory

restorative theory

latent content theory

The ________ of a dream is the actual dream itself.


latent content


manifest content

Withdrawal is a sign of:

tolerance to a drug.


physical dependence on a drug.

psychological dependence on a drug.

Methamphetamine is an example of a:





Opium and its derivatives, morphine and heroin, duplicate
the action of which of the following?





Which of the following kills the most people in the United
States every year?

heroin overdose


alcohol-related car accidents

illnesses related to smoking

Which of the following is NOT true about psychoactive drugs?

They alter thinking, perception, memory, or some combination
of these abilities.

Some can cause users to develop a drug tolerance.

All of them produce physical dependence in users.

Many were originally developed to help people.

Even in mild doses, marijuana negatively affects:



reaction time.

the ability to sleep.

Barbiturates are known as:

gateway drugs.

the major tranquilizers.

the minor tranquilizers.


Nightmares are more common in children than in adults
because _____.

children have more vivid imaginations than adults

growth hormones are released from the pituitary during
non-REM sleep

children spend more of their sleep in the REM state

children suffer from lost sleep more often than adults

Theodora suffers from an inability to get to sleep and to
stay asleep. Which of the following would help Theodora with her insomnia?

watching the clock so she knows how much sleep she is
actually getting

spending some time in bed relaxing, reading or watching TV
until she gets sleepy

going to bed and getting up on a regular schedule

trying various sleeping pills until she finds one that
doesn’t cause REM rebound

Score: 1
Answers: going
to bed and getting up on a regular schedule
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 148

Niles has begun to fall asleep suddenly during the day,
sometimes in inappropriate places. Niles is most likely suffering from:


not enough melatonin.

sleep apnea.


On Sara’s walk to campus one morning, she was thinking about
what a nice day it was, how many people were already on campus, and how she had
to stop by the bookstore on her way to class. Sara was experiencing:

a meditative state.


an altered state of consciousness.

waking consciousness.

Debbie’s psychoanalyst tells her that the monster in her
dream symbolizes her abusive father. He is discussing the dream’s:

spiritual context.

latent content.

manifest content.

actual content.

Derek was lying on the couch and had fallen asleep when all
of a sudden his body jerked, and he woke up because he felt like he was
falling. Derek was most likely in which stage of sleep?

N1 (R&K Stage 1)


N2 (R&K Stage 2)

N3 (R&K Stages 3 and 4)

Hypnosis is unable to do which of the following?

help people relax in situations that would normally cause
them stress

relieve pain

give people superhuman strength

create amnesia for whatever happens during the session

The key to hypnosis seems to be:

avoiding subjects who are active and alert.

using more practical subjects, as opposed to daydreamers.

a gullible subject.

a heightened state of suggestibility.

In Hilgard’s theory, the _______ remains aware of what is
going on during hypnosis.

brain stem

“hidden observer” part of the mind

conscious mind

“hypnotized” part of the mind

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