1) What are the basic differences between the disciplines of physical and historical geology?
A) physical geology is the study of fossils and sequences of rock strata; historical geology is the study of how rocks and minerals were used in the past
B) historical geology involves the study of rock strata, fossils, and geologic events, utilizing the geologic time scale as a reference; physical geology includes the study of how rocks form and of how erosion shapes the land surface
C) physical geology involves the study of rock strata, fossils, and deposition in relation to plate movements in the geologic past; historical geology charts how and where the plates were moving in the past
D) None of the above ? physical geology and historical geology are essentially the same.
12) __________ was the highly influential, ancient Greek philosopher noted for his writings and teachings on natural philosophy and on the workings of Earth. 3) Compared to the age of Earth accepted as correct today, how did 17th and 18th century proponents of catastrophism envision the Earth’s age?
4) Which one of the following observations and inferences is consistent with the idea of uniformitarianism?
5) __________ was an important 18th century English geologist and proponent of uniformitarianism.
A) Charles Lyell B) Isaac Newton C) James Hutton D) James Ussher
16) The currently accepted age of Earth is __________ years.
7) Which of the following best describes the fundamental concept of superposition?
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