Running Head: DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICEFoundations of the Development and Functions of PoliceAuthorCourseInstructorDateDEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE2The evolution of policing within the US can be examined from the perspective of thethree recognized eras: the political era, the reform era, and the community era of policing. Onedifference in these eras is obviously the time period within which they occurred. The political eradates from the introduction of municipal police forces in the 1840s through to the early 20thcentury. The reform era took hold in the 1930s , attained its peak in the 1950s, and begandeclining in the 1970s. The current community era began in the late 1970s and early 1980s,mainly after the Kansas City Preventative Patrol Experiment and other team policing projects ofthe 1970s. In a study conducted to examine the effect of routine preventative patrol on crime andfear of crime, the Kansas City Preventative Patrol experiment together with the PoliceFoundation based in Washington, D.C. found that such routine preventative patrols had asignificant impact on crime and fear of crime (Kelling, Pate, Dieckman, & Brown, 1974). Incomparison, however, all three eras of policing were largely dominated by local policing. AsBerlin (2012) notes, the vast majority of policing in the US is local, with over 12,000 local policedepartments at the city, county, or town level.Comparison of the three eras also extends to the function of po ...
To Order an Original Plagiarism Free Paper on the Same Topic Click Here
Other samples, services and questions:
When you use PaperHelp, you save one valuable — TIME
You can spend it for more important things than paper writing.