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‘The Problem of Evil’ by John Leslie Mackie is a philosophical argument that discusses the logical paradoxes and impossibilities of God’s existence. Written in 1955, it details how Mackie believes that because God is represented as an omnipotent (perfectly-powerful) and omnibenevolent (wholly good) being, evil cannot exist and thus neither can God. I will explain those paradoxes and defend Mackie’s argument, but I shall will question the justification of his claims to God’s existence. I shall also provide and discuss three theistic objections to the problem of evil, both adequate and fallacious.

The ‘Problem of Evil’ as characterized by J. L. Mackie can be summarised in three points:

1. God is omnipotent
2. God is omnibenevolent
3. Evil …show more content…
Why would a being who is ‘perfect’ permit something (evil) that creates chaos and hate in an otherwise perfect world? An objection to this is that “Evil is necessary as a counterpart to good.” (1955, p.203) Essentially, evil is a means to an end, and good is that end. But this would suggest that God, by creating good, is simultaneously creating evil. This limits God’s omnipotence because He cannot stop the existence of evil if he continues to create good. Mackie suggests that “..these limits are always presupposed, that omnipotence has never meant the power to do what is logically impossible, and on the present view the existence of good without evil would be a logical impossibility.” (1955, p.203) By suggesting this, Mackie has limited God’s power to anything that falls inside the realm of logic. This again limits the omnipotence and omnibenevolenceof God because he is powerless to stop the creation of evil, but his existence is still …show more content…
Suffering of any kind would inherently constrain God’s omnibenevolence and omnipotence because it implies that God chose not to, or could not, erase all suffering from existence. A theologian like Hume would argue that “…the existence of pain and disease makes possible the existence of sympathy, benevolence, heroism, and the gradually successful struggle of doctors and reformers to overcome these evils” (1955, p.206) This may be true, but God’s benevolence would not enable him to allow pain and disease to exist as it is considered morally wrong. Therefore, God’s omnibenevolence is limited because he allows evil to continue but that does not mean he cannot

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