Question 1 “Your worries? They’re only thoughts. Don’t try to stop them, but recognize that they’re thoughts, and don’t let them upset you so much.” This quote most likely would come from someone using which form of therapy for generalized anxiety disorder? Answer A. biofeedback B. rational-emotive therapy C. mindfulness-based cognitive therapy D. intolerance of uncertainty therapy1 points Question 2 A person who believes that it is awful and catastrophic when things are not the way he or she would like them to be is displaying: Answer A. compulsion. B. irrational assumption. C. condition of worth. D. metaworry.1 points Question 3 According to behavioral theory, specific learned fears become a generalized anxiety disorder through the process of: Answer A. modeling. B. stimulus generalization. C. response prevention. D. stimulus discrimination.1 points Question 4 Exposure and response prevention as treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder: Answer A. does not work as well for those who have obsessions but no compulsions. B. is only effective in a group setting. C. works only in about 25% of those who are treated with it. D. changes behavior in the clinic, but doesn’t carry over to home and the workplace.1 points Question 5 Cognitive theorists have found that people who develop obsessive-compulsive disorder also: Answer A. have a lower rate of depression. B. believe their thoughts are capable of causing harm to themselves or others. C. have lower standards of conduct and morality. D. believe it is impossible and undesirable to have control over everything.1 points Question 6 An obsessive-compulsive person who was told that everyone was required to wear shoes at all times in the house and not to vacuum for a week, would be experiencing what therapy procedures? Answer A. family therapy B. free association C. reinforcement for compulsive behavior D. exposure and response prevention1 points Question 7 According to cognitive theorists, people experiencing anxiety sensitivity: Answer A. are unable to assess bodily sensations accurately. B. interpret bodily sensations as abnormally pleasant. C. confuse physical and emotional sensations. D. are oblivious to body sensations.1 points Question 8 Jose and Ted both get racing hearts once in a while. When it happens to Ted, he panics and thinks he is going to die. Gradually, he has developed these panic attacks if he even thinks that his heart is beating strongly. When Jose’s heart starts beating strongly, he looks to his current activity to understand what is producing the sensations (hard work). Ted apparently has a high degree of: Answer A. anxiety sensitivity. B. fear. C. obsessive imagery. D. anxiety.1 points Question 9 Imagine that you are being treated for a social phobia. Your therapist watches you act out a social scene, points out what you did correctly and incorrectly, and praises you for what you did well. Which behavioral technique did your therapist NOT use? Answer A. role play B. reinforcement C. modeling D. feedback1 points Question 10 If the final version of DSM-5 follows the recommendations that have been made about the categorization of anxiety disorders: Answer A. there will no longer be a category of anxiety disorders. B. anxiety disorders will be subsumed under depressive disorders due to the recognition of the effectiveness of antidepressants in treating anxiety. C. social phobia will be recognized as a more pervasive disorder—social anxiety disorder. D. obsessive-compulsive disorders will be categorized as cognitive disorders.1 points Question 11 Generalized anxiety disorder is more common: Answer A. in men than in women. B. in African-Americans than in white Americans. C. years after rather than immediately after traumatic events. D. in wealthy people than in poor people.1 points Question 12 Sally is never sure of the right thing to do. She married Tod and has been wondering for years if that was the right thing to do. She is exhibiting: Answer A. obsessive doubts. B. obsessive images. C. a compulsion. D. obsessive ideas.1 points Question 13 People who have a biological vulnerability for anxiety that is brought to the surface by social/psychological factors develop generalized anxiety disorders, according to the: Answer A. diathesis-stress model. B. psychodynamic model. C. cognitive-behavioral model. D. evolutionary perspective.1 points Question 14 One limitation of the sociocultural approach to understanding generalized anxiety disorders is that it cannot explain: Answer A. the paradox that as poverty gets worse, generalized anxiety declines. B. why everyone who experiences danger doesn’t experience generalized anxiety. C. the relationship between race, poverty, and job opportunity. D. the differences in generalized anxiety in countries around the world.Question 15 Leila always feels threatened and anxious—imagining something awful is about to happen. But she is able to work and care for her family, although not as well as she would like. Leila is probably experiencing: Answer A. no specific problem; she just likes to worry. B. a specific fear response. C. a hormonal imbalance. D. a generalized anxiety disorder.1 points Question 16 What is one important way obsessions and compulsions are related? Answer A. Obsessions are not related to compulsions. B. Compulsions are a way to prevent obsessions from occurring. C. Compulsions help people control their obsessions. D. Obsessions generally lead to violent or immoral compulsions.1 points Question 17 The most common mental disorders in the United States are the: Answer A. anxiety disorders. B. sexual disorders. C. personality disorders. D. mood disorders.1 points Question 18 Teaching people to accept their worries and live in the present moment—mindfulness therapy—is MOST consistent with which theoretical approach? Answer A. cognitive B. psychodynamic C. behavioral D. biological1 points Question 19 You notice someone who is sweating, experiencing shortness of breath, choking, feeling dizzy, and is afraid of dying. If it is not a heart attack but an indicator of anxiety disorder, it is probably a: Answer A. phobia. B. panic attack. C. obsessive-compulsive response. D. posttraumatic disorder.1 points Question 20 Your fear of spiders is debilitating because you are an entomologist. To treat this phobia, your therapist puts you in a room with spiders, even asking you to handle them. This technique might be used in: Answer A. covert desensitization. B. systematic desensitization. C. flooding. D. modeling.
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