1. The “frog in the well” analogy illustrates:Answers1. a. that frogs start life as tadpoles.2. b. that frogs are limited in perspective when trapped in a well, but once freed, they can see the whole world. 3. c. frogs change and evolve throughout their lives.4. d. humans evolved from frogs.2. The way people grow and change across the life span is referred to as ____.Answers1. a. development 2. b. evolution3. c. change4. d. growth3. What is the pattern of a group’s customs, beliefs, art, and technology?Answers1. a. clan2. b. society 3. c. culture4. d. beliefs4. ____ is the pattern of a group’s customs, beliefs, art, and technology.Answers1. a. Culture2. b. Ethnicity3. c Race4. d Nationality6. Who did developmental researchers focus on studying because they assumed that the processes of development were universal?Answers1. a. Mexicans 2. b. Europeans3. c. Canadians4. d. Americans7. Which study would provide the best picture of worldwide developmental growth patterns?Answers1. a. Examining patterns of friendship in each grade level at an elementary school in Tokyo.2. b. Watching a newborn turn into an adult.3. c. Comparing children raised in Bangladesh to those raised in the United States.4. d. Every two years, looking at a set group of subjects across 50 randomly chosen countries from birth to death. 8. What did the text define as the increasing connections between different parts of the world in trade, travel, migration, and communication?Answers1. a. globalization2. b. social networks 3. c. the Internet4. d. small world syndrome9. Globalization is ____.Answers1. a. the number of births per woman2. b. the ways people grow and change across the life span3. c. the total pattern of a group’s customs, beliefs, art, and technology4. d. the increasing connections between different parts of the world in trade, travel, migration, and communication10. Which is the BEST example of globalization?Answers1. a. Jane immigrated from China to the United States.2. b. Rita participates in a course online in which she is in daily contact with people all over the world.3. c. The SARS virus spread from Southeast Asia to North America.4. d. 19.4% of the world`s population lives in China. 11. According to the text, for most of history the total human population was under ______.Answers1. a. 1 million2. b. 10 million3. c. 100 million 4. d. 1 billion12. For most of human history how many children did women typically birth?Answers1. a. 1 to 22. b. 4 to 83. c. 10 to 124. d. 13 to 15 13. The human population began to increase noticeably around 10,000 years ago. What has been hypothesized as the reason for the population increase at that time?Answers1. a. the discovery of medicine2. b. the development of agriculture and domestication of animals3. c. an increase in the size of women’s pelvic openings that assisted in labor 4. d. construction techniques that allowed for stronger homes that were better heated14. When did the human population reach 500 million people?Answers1. a. 400 years ago2. b. 1,000 years ago 3. c. 4,000 years ago4. d. 10,000 years ago15. How long did it take the human population to double from 500 million to 1 billion?Answers1. a. 150 years2. b. 300 years3. c. 450 years4. d. 600 years 16. The human population doubled from 1 to 2 billion between 1800 and 1930. What led to this increase in population?Answers1. a. government-controlled farming2. b. globalization and shared resources3. c. medical advances that eliminated many diseases4. d. people had more children 17. Which of the following fields had the greatest impact on the Earth’s population explosion in the last 10,000 years?Answers1. a. Medical2. b. Agriculture 3. c. Architecture4. d. Domesticity18. The total fertility rate (TFR) is defined as the number of ____.Answers1. a. births per woman2. b. conceptions per woman 3. c. fetuses that were spontaneously aborted4. d. women on fertility drugs19. What is the current total fertility rate (TFR) worldwide?Answers1. a. 1.42. b. 2.83. c. 4.24. d. 5.6 20. What total fertility rate (TFR) is referred to as replacement rate?Answers1. a. 1.42. b. 2.1 3. c. 2.84. d. 3.221. If a country wanted to decrease population, it would want which rate pattern to be in effect?Answers1. a. The world total fertility rate (TFR) to be equal to the country`s replacement rate.2. b. The world total fertility rate (TFR) to be less than the country`s replacement rate.3. c. The country`s replacement rate must be above 2.14. d. The country`s replacement rate must be below 2.122. If current trends continue, when will the worldwide total fertility rate (TFR) reach replacement rate?Answers1. a. 20202. b. 20503. c. 2080 4. d. 301023. ____ is the number of births per woman.Answers1. a. Total fertility rate2. b. Expressive births 3. c. Implicit calculation of replacement4. d. The sum of replacement24. Nearly all of the population growth in the decades to come will take place in ____.Answers1. a. developed countries2. b. developing countries 3. c. emerging countries4. d. South American countries25. What will happen to the populations of developed countries during the next few decades and beyond? They will _____.Answers1. a. increase more than developing countries 2. b. remain stable in population3. c. decrease4. d. increase slowly26. What term is used in the text to refer to the most affluent countries in the world?Answers1. a. affluent countries2. b. developed countries3. c. developing countries4. d. population-rich countries 27. What term is used in the text to refer to countries, which have less wealth, but are experiencing rapid economic growth?Answers1. a. impoverished countries2. b. developed countries3. c. developing countries4. d. population-rich countries 28. If a study randomly selected 100 participants from a global pool, where would the majority of participants come from?Answers1. a. A developing country 2. b. A developed country3. c. A declining country4. d. It could not be determined.29. What percent of the current world’s population lives in the most affluent countries?Answers1. a. 18%2. b. 34% 3. c. 51%4. d. 68%30. ____ refers to the most affluent countries in the world.Answers1. a. Developed countries2. b. Developing countries3. c. Collective cultures4. d. Individualistic cultures 31. The United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, and nearly all the countries of Europe are examples of ____.Answers1. a. developed countries2. b. developing countries3. c. collective cultures 4. d. individualistic cultures32. Developed countries roughly make up ____ of the world’s population, whereas, developing countries make up ____.Answers1. a. 18%, 82% 2. b. 27%, 73%3. c. 37%, 63%4. d. 47%, 57%33. Developed countries can be viewed as ____, whereas, developing countries can be seen as ____.Answers1. a. wealthy; populated2. b. populated; wealthy 3. c. collective; individualistic4. d. individualistic; collective34. What developed country will have the steepest decline in population between now and 2050?Answers1. a. the United States2. b. Germany3. c. Japan4. d. Canada 35. Between now and 2050, what will the increase in population in the United States be nearly entirely due to?Answers1. a. immigration2. b. minority fertility 3. c. majority fertility4. d. in-vitro fertilization36. What country allows for more legal immigrations than most other countries and has tens of millions of illegal immigrants as well?Answers1. a. the United States2. b. Canada 3. c. Germany4. d. Japan37. What portion of the United States’ population will increase from 16 to 30 percent by 2050?Answers1. a. African American2. b. Anglo American3. c. Asian American 4. d. Latino American38. José was born in a country where his parents make less than $2 a day and he is expected to attend grade school but not college. Jose was most likely born in a ____.Answers1. a. developed country 2. b. developing country3. c. collective culture4. d. individualistic culture39. What percent of the world’s population lives on a family income of less than $6,000 per year?Answers1. a. 20%2. b. 40%3. c. 60%4. d. 80% 40. Although economic growth has been strong for the past decade, what region remains the poorest region in the world?Answers1. a. Africa 2. b. South America3. c. Southeast Asia4. d. Western Australia41. What percent of individuals in developed countries attend college or other post-secondary training?Answers1. a. 30%2. b. 50% 3. c. 70%4. d. 90%42. What percent of children in developing countries complete primary schooling?Answers1. a. 20%2. b. 40% 3. c. 60%4. d. 80%43. Statistically speaking, a child born today will most likely be from ______.Answers1. a. a developing country2. b. a developed country 3. c. an economically wealthy country4. d. a high social economic status culture44. Tim’s family has passed down and adhered to traditions that his ancestors practiced hundreds of years ago. His family believes in interdependence, and that he should help support his community and nation. Tim is most likely from a(n) ______________ culture.Answers1. a. individualistic 2. b. traditional3. c. modern4. d. developed45. ____ cultures emphasize independence and self-expression, whereas ____ cultures emphasize obedience and group harmony.Answers1. a. Individualistic; collective2. b. Collective; individualistic3. c. Developed; developing4. d. Developing; developed46. What percent of children in developing countries are enrolled in secondary education?Answers1. a. 30%2. b. 50%3. c. 70%4. d. 90% 47. Who attends colleges, universities, and other forms of post-secondary education in developing countries?Answers1. a. the wealthy elite2. b. most of the population3. c. about half of the middle class 4. d. about one fourth of the middle class48. What term is used to refer to people in the rural areas of developing countries, who tend to adhere more closely to the historical aspects of their culture than people in urban areas do?Answers1. a. agrarian cultures2. b. conventional cultures 3. c. traditional cultures4. d. rural cultures49. What general values do developed countries tend to regard highly?Answers1. a. collectivistic2. b. individualistic 3. c. traditional4. d. modern50. What general values do developing countries tend to regard highly?Answers1. a. collectivistic 2. b. individualistic3. c. traditional4. d. modern51. What percent of the world’s population lives in the United States?Answers1. a. 5%2. b. 10%3. c. 15%4. d. 20% 52. Within any given country, which of the following sets most of the norms and standards, and holds most of the positions of political, economic, intellectual, and media power?Answers1. a. majority culture2. b. minority culture 3. c. ethnic populace4. d. subcultural groups53. Who sets most of the norms and standards and holds most of the positions of political, economic, intellectual, and media power in most countries?Answers1. a. power culture 2. b. controlling culture3. c. minority culture4. d. majority culture54. By position, power and prestige, the President of the United States and his/her family are members of the______.Answers1. a. minority culture2. b. majority culture3. c. developed culture4. d. developing culture 55. What term is often used to refer to a person’s social class, which includes educational level, income level, and occupational status?Answers1. a. social class status2. b. socioeconomic status 3. c. tax bracket status4. d. education status56. The expectations that cultures have for males and females are different from the time they are born. The degree of the difference depends on _____.Answers1. a. culture2. b. age3. c. gender 4. d. socioeconomic status57. ____ includes an individual’s educational level, income level, and occupational status.Answers1. a. Nationality2. b. Ethnicity3. c. Sociohistorical index4. d. Socioeconomic status 58. Also referred to as a person’s social class, his or her ____ includes the level of education, their income, and occupational status.Answers1. a. socioeconomic status2. b. ethnicity 3. c. culture4. d. sociohistorical index59. In American culture, a physician spends 12 years in college and training, generally has a high income, and possesses a strong occupational status. In terms of socioeconomic status, a physician would most likely be _____.Answers1. a. low SES 2. b. middle SES.3. c. moderate SES.4. d. high SES.60. LaWanda has a high school diploma and is currently working as a waitress but is attending school in hopes of becoming a pediatrician. Her current socioeconomic status is likely ____; however, when she becomes an established pediatrician, her socioeconomic status will be ____.Answers1. a. low; high2. b. high; moderate3. c. high; low4. d. moderate; low
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