Cated 35 marks Anhad Sdn. Bhd. manufactures car alarms, and its trading results for the year ended 31 October 2013 are as follows: $'000 $'000 Sales (800,000 alarms) 7,200 Costs: Materials: direct, variable 1,600 Labour: direct, variable 960 Labour: indirect, fixed 280 Other production overheads: variable 400 Other production overheads: fixed 640 Selling overheads: variable 480 Selling overheads: fixed 360 Distribution overheads: variable 280 Distribution overheads: fixed 120 Administration overheads: fixed 600 (5,720) Net profit for the yearAnhad is planning next yearâ€™s activity and its forecasts for the year ended 31 October 2014 are as follows: 1. A reduction in selling price per car alarm to $8 per alarm is expected to increase sales volume by 50%. 2. Materials costs per unit will remain unchanged, but 5% quantity discount will be obtained. 3. Hourly direct wage rates will increase by 10%, but labour efficiency will be unchanged. 4. Variable selling overheads will increase in total in line with the increase in sales revenue. 5. Variable production and distribution overheads will increase in line with the 50% increase in sales volume. 6. All fixed costs will increase by 25%. You are required to do the following: a) Prepare a budgeted profit statement for the year to 31 October 2014 showing total sales and marginal costs for the year and also contribution and net profit per unit. (16 marks) b) Calculate the break-even point for the two years and explain why the break-even point has changed. Comment on the margin of safety in both years. (13 marks) c) Calculate the sales volume required (using the new selling price) to achieve the same profit in 2014 and in 2013. (3 marks) d) A director comments that â€˜with these figures, all we have to do to work out our budgeted profit is to multiply the net profit per unit by the units we want to sellâ€. Why is this statement incorrect?Satnam Berhad is considering diversifying their business activities and they are currently reviewing two proposals. Proposal A is to launch their own television station whilst Proposal B is a joint venture with Kaboor Limited to launch a satellite that would enable the African region to receive advertisements for both companyâ€™s products. The available data is follows: Proposal A â€“ TV Station Initial set-up costs: $250 million Annual running costs: $100 million Estimated life of project: 5 years Value of assets released at the end of the project: $40 million Increased sales as a result of advertising products: $60 million in the first year, growing cumulatively by 50% each year for the following four years. Project B â€“ Satellite Initial set-up costs: $700 million Annual running costs: $50 million Value of assets released at the end of the project: $10 million (Note: all the above to be shared 50/50 with Kaboor Limited) Estimated life of the project is 6 years. Increased sales for Satnam Berhad as a result of advertising their products in the African continent: $80 million in the first year, growing cumulatively by 20% each year for the following five years. Funding for both projects would be at a cost of capital of 6%Relevant discount factors at 6% p.a. are: Required: Year Cumulative 1 0.943 0.943 2 0.890 1.833 3 0.840 2.673 4 0.792 3.465 5 0.747 4.212 6 0.705 4.917 BMAC5203/USTY/SEPT15/KK a) Using the net present value method of investment appraisal, critically evaluate the two proposals and make your recommendation to Satnam Berhad. (29 marks) b) What other considerations should Satnam Berhad take into account in deciding which Project to pursue?Swagat Manufacturing Sdn. Bhd. needed to determine if it would be cheaper to make 10,000 units of a component in-house or to purchase them from an outside supplier for $4.75 each. Cost information on internal production includes the following: Total Cost Unit Cost $ $ Direct materials 10,000 1.00 Direct labour 20,000 2.00 Variable overheads 8,000 0.80 Fixed overheads 44,000 4.40 Total 82,000 8.20 Fixed overhead will continue whether the component is produced internally or externally. No additional costs of purchasing will be incurred beyond the purchase price. Required: a) List the relevant cost of internal production and external purchase. b) Which alternative is more cost effective and by how much? (4 marks) (11 marks) c) Now assume that the fixed overhead includes $10,000 of cost that can be avoided if the component is purchased externally. Which alternative is more cost effective and by how much?
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