Many people in
America have no idea that there are different types of prison
systems. The two different types of prisons include state-ran and
private. State-ran prisons are prisons owned and operated by the
local, state, or federal government; however, private prisons are
prisons in which individuals are incarcerated by a third-party
organization that is under contract with a government agency.
Private prisons are funded by the government and have the unique
ability to do whatever they want. The controversy between state-ran
prisons versus private prisons started in 1852, when the first U.S.
introduced. Escapes, riots, and in-prison crimes happen
substantially more in private prisons than in public prison.
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Private prisons tend not to house costlier inmates, due to the higher cost of supervising them. Scott Merryman states that, from 1990 to 1995, the overwhelming numbers of inmates in private facilities were classified as minimum-security, and this condition is still relevant today. Public prisons consist of twenty percent maximum-security inmates compared to the five percent in private prisons. Also, public prisons have thirty-five percent of their inmates in minimum-security, while the private prisons have sixty-five percent of their inmates in minimum-security. There are states that have private prisons that choose not to have any high maximum-security inmates at all. Justin Jones, director for DOC, reported that private prisons in Oklahoma are all medium- or minimum-security prisons, and that stay completely away from maximum-security prisoners. These costly prisoners are shipped back to public prisons, sticking taxpayers with the cost, while the private prisons profits earn off the easier prisoners. This is more money out of the average American taxpayer's pocket, while the rich prison business owners make more money. However, there are still people who believe there is nothing wrong with the private prison
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