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ACC 550 FINAL
EXAM INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING I

BRIEF
EXERCISES
1.
On October 1, 2012, Chang, Inc. assigns $1,000,000 of its accounts receivable
to Easley National Bank as collateral for a $750,000 note. The bank assesses a
finance charge of 2% of the receivables assigned and interest on the note of
9%. Prepare the October 1 journal entry to record the assignment.

2.
Oak Incorporated factored $150,000 of accounts receivable with Ingram Factors,
Inc. on a without-recourse basis. Ingram assesses a 2% finance charge of the
amount of accounts receivable and retains an amount equal to 6% of accounts
receivable for possible adjustments, payable back to Oak to the extent it is
not needed after 6 months. Prepare the journal entry for Oak Incorporated to
record the factoring of the receivables.

3.
Assume the same information as #2 above, except that the receivables are
factored with recourse. Prepare the journal entry for Oak to record the sale,
assuming that the recourse liability has a fair value of $7,500.

4.
Thompson Company had ending inventory at end-of-year prices of $100,000 at
December 31, 2011; $119,900 at December 31, 2012; and $134,560 at December 31,
2013. The year-end price indexes were 100 at 12/31/2011; 110 at 12/31/2012; and
116 at 12/31/2013. Compute the ending inventory for Thompson Company as of
December 31, 2013 usng the dollar-value LIFO method.

5.
Stopman Company took a physical inventory on December 31 and determined that
goods costing $200,000 were on hand. Not included in the physical count were
$25,000 of goods purchased from Newberry Corporation, f.o.b. shipping point,
and $22,000 of goods sold to Juarez Company for $30,000, f.o.b. destination.
Both the Newberry purchase and the Juarez sale were in transit at year-end.
What amount should Stopman report as its December 31 inventory?

6.
The Company began the year with $200,000 in Allowance for Sales Returns. During
2012, Hollings Industries recorded sales of $10,600,000. Cost of goods sold
totaled $6,360,000 (60% of sales). The Company estimates that 8% of all sales
will be returned. Prepare the year-end adjusting entries to account for
anticipated sales returns, assuming that all sales are made on credit and all accounts
receivable are outstanding. 7. Sanford Corporation has the following four items
in its ending inventory:

Item
Cost
Net Realizable Value
Jokers
$2,000 $2,100
Penguins
$5,000 $4,950
Riddlers
$4,400 $4,625
Scarecrows
$3,200 $3,830

Determine
the final lower-of-cost-or-net-realizable-value of inventory, assuming it is
applied (a) on an item-by-item basis and (b) on a total inventory basis.

8.
Apache Inc. purchased land, building, and equipment from Sahara Corporation for
a cash payment of $315,000. The estimated fair values of the assets are land
$60,000, building $220,000, and equipment $80,000. At what amount should each
of these three assets be recorded?

9.
Alamos Co. exchanged equipment and $18,000 cash for similar equipment. The book
value and the fair value of the old equipment were $82,000 (cost of $110,000
and A/D of $28,000) and $90,000, respectively. Prepare the journal entry to
record the transaction, assuming that that exchange has commercial substance.

10.
Assume the same facts as #9 above, except that the exchange does not have
commercial substance. Prepare the journal entry under that assumption.

PROBLEMS
1.
The trial balance before adjustment of Pratt Company reports the following
balances:
DR CR
Accounts
receivable $100,000
Allowance
for doubtful accounts $
2,500
Sales
(all on credit) $650,000

REQUIRED
(a)
Prepare the adjusting entry for estimated bad debts assuming that doubtful
accounts are estimated to be:
i.
7% of gross accounts receivable
ii.
1% of net sales
(b)
Assume that in the following year, a $2,000 account was written off as
worthless. Provide the journal entry to show the writeoff.
(c)
Later in that year, the person whose debt had been written off wrote the company
to apologize for his delinquency and enclosed a check for $1,200, all of the
money that he could afford at the moment. Provide the journal entries to show
this recovery.

2.
Inventory information for Orange Company discloses the following information for
the month of June:
June
1 Balance
300 units @ $10
June
10 Sold 200 units
June
11 Purchased 800 units @ $11
June
15 Sold 500 units
June
20 Purchased 500 units @ $13
June
27 Sold 250 units

REQUIRED
Calculate
Ending Inventory at June 30 and Cost of Goods Sold for the month of June under
each of the following methods:
(a)
FIFO Perpetual
(b)
LIFO Periodic
(c)
Average Cost Perpetual

3.
Presented below is information related to Tyler Company:
Cost Retail
Beginning
Inventory $ 200,000 $280,000
Purchases
$1,425,000
$2,140,000
Markups
95,000
Markup
cancellations 15,000
Markdowns
35,000
Markdown
cancellations 5,000
Sales
2,250,000

REQUIRED
(a)
Compute the ending inventory by the conventional retail inventory method.
(b)
Compute the ending inventory by the gross profit method, assuming that gross
profit is 40% of sales.

4.
Tiger Industries purchased $12,000 of merchandise on February 1, 2012, subject
to a trade discount of 10% and with credit terms of 3/15, n/60. It returned
$3,000 (gross price before trade or cash discount) on February 4. The invoice
was paid on February 13.

REQUIRED
(a)
Assuming that Tiger uses the perpetual method for recording merchandise
transactions, record the purchase, return, and payment using the gross method.
(b)
Assuming that Tiger uses the periodic method for recording merchandise
transactions, record the purchase, return, and payment using the net method.

5.
Roddick Company purchased equipment for $304,000 on January 1, 2012. It is
estimated that the equipment will have a useful life of 8 years and a salvage
value of $16,000. Estimated production is 40,000 units. During 2012, the
equipment produces 1,000 units; during 2013, the equipment produces 12,000
units.

REQUIRED
Calculate
depreciation expense for 2012 and 2013 under each of the following methods:
(a)
Straight-line
(b)
Sum-of-the-years’-digits
(c)
Double-declining balance
(d)
Units-of-production

ACC 550 FINAL
EXAM INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING I

BRIEF
EXERCISES
1.
On October 1, 2012, Chang, Inc. assigns $1,000,000 of its accounts receivable
to Easley National Bank as collateral for a $750,000 note. The bank assesses a
finance charge of 2% of the receivables assigned and interest on the note of
9%. Prepare the October 1 journal entry to record the assignment.

2.
Oak Incorporated factored $150,000 of accounts receivable with Ingram Factors,
Inc. on a without-recourse basis. Ingram assesses a 2% finance charge of the
amount of accounts receivable and retains an amount equal to 6% of accounts
receivable for possible adjustments, payable back to Oak to the extent it is
not needed after 6 months. Prepare the journal entry for Oak Incorporated to
record the factoring of the receivables.

3.
Assume the same information as #2 above, except that the receivables are
factored with recourse. Prepare the journal entry for Oak to record the sale,
assuming that the recourse liability has a fair value of $7,500.

4.
Thompson Company had ending inventory at end-of-year prices of $100,000 at
December 31, 2011; $119,900 at December 31, 2012; and $134,560 at December 31,
2013. The year-end price indexes were 100 at 12/31/2011; 110 at 12/31/2012; and
116 at 12/31/2013. Compute the ending inventory for Thompson Company as of
December 31, 2013 usng the dollar-value LIFO method.

5.
Stopman Company took a physical inventory on December 31 and determined that
goods costing $200,000 were on hand. Not included in the physical count were
$25,000 of goods purchased from Newberry Corporation, f.o.b. shipping point,
and $22,000 of goods sold to Juarez Company for $30,000, f.o.b. destination.
Both the Newberry purchase and the Juarez sale were in transit at year-end.
What amount should Stopman report as its December 31 inventory?

6.
The Company began the year with $200,000 in Allowance for Sales Returns. During
2012, Hollings Industries recorded sales of $10,600,000. Cost of goods sold
totaled $6,360,000 (60% of sales). The Company estimates that 8% of all sales
will be returned. Prepare the year-end adjusting entries to account for
anticipated sales returns, assuming that all sales are made on credit and all accounts
receivable are outstanding. 7. Sanford Corporation has the following four items
in its ending inventory:

Item
Cost
Net Realizable Value
Jokers
$2,000 $2,100
Penguins
$5,000 $4,950
Riddlers
$4,400 $4,625
Scarecrows
$3,200 $3,830

Determine
the final lower-of-cost-or-net-realizable-value of inventory, assuming it is
applied (a) on an item-by-item basis and (b) on a total inventory basis.

8.
Apache Inc. purchased land, building, and equipment from Sahara Corporation for
a cash payment of $315,000. The estimated fair values of the assets are land
$60,000, building $220,000, and equipment $80,000. At what amount should each
of these three assets be recorded?

9.
Alamos Co. exchanged equipment and $18,000 cash for similar equipment. The book
value and the fair value of the old equipment were $82,000 (cost of $110,000
and A/D of $28,000) and $90,000, respectively. Prepare the journal entry to
record the transaction, assuming that that exchange has commercial substance.

10.
Assume the same facts as #9 above, except that the exchange does not have
commercial substance. Prepare the journal entry under that assumption.

PROBLEMS
1.
The trial balance before adjustment of Pratt Company reports the following
balances:
DR CR
Accounts
receivable $100,000
Allowance
for doubtful accounts $
2,500
Sales
(all on credit) $650,000

REQUIRED
(a)
Prepare the adjusting entry for estimated bad debts assuming that doubtful
accounts are estimated to be:
i.
7% of gross accounts receivable
ii.
1% of net sales
(b)
Assume that in the following year, a $2,000 account was written off as
worthless. Provide the journal entry to show the writeoff.
(c)
Later in that year, the person whose debt had been written off wrote the company
to apologize for his delinquency and enclosed a check for $1,200, all of the
money that he could afford at the moment. Provide the journal entries to show
this recovery.

2.
Inventory information for Orange Company discloses the following information for
the month of June:
June
1 Balance
300 units @ $10
June
10 Sold 200 units
June
11 Purchased 800 units @ $11
June
15 Sold 500 units
June
20 Purchased 500 units @ $13
June
27 Sold 250 units

REQUIRED
Calculate
Ending Inventory at June 30 and Cost of Goods Sold for the month of June under
each of the following methods:
(a)
FIFO Perpetual
(b)
LIFO Periodic
(c)
Average Cost Perpetual

3.
Presented below is information related to Tyler Company:
Cost Retail
Beginning
Inventory $ 200,000 $280,000
Purchases
$1,425,000
$2,140,000
Markups
95,000
Markup
cancellations 15,000
Markdowns
35,000
Markdown
cancellations 5,000
Sales
2,250,000

REQUIRED
(a)
Compute the ending inventory by the conventional retail inventory method.
(b)
Compute the ending inventory by the gross profit method, assuming that gross
profit is 40% of sales.

4.
Tiger Industries purchased $12,000 of merchandise on February 1, 2012, subject
to a trade discount of 10% and with credit terms of 3/15, n/60. It returned
$3,000 (gross price before trade or cash discount) on February 4. The invoice
was paid on February 13.

REQUIRED
(a)
Assuming that Tiger uses the perpetual method for recording merchandise
transactions, record the purchase, return, and payment using the gross method.
(b)
Assuming that Tiger uses the periodic method for recording merchandise
transactions, record the purchase, return, and payment using the net method.

5.
Roddick Company purchased equipment for $304,000 on January 1, 2012. It is
estimated that the equipment will have a useful life of 8 years and a salvage
value of $16,000. Estimated production is 40,000 units. During 2012, the
equipment produces 1,000 units; during 2013, the equipment produces 12,000
units.

REQUIRED
Calculate
depreciation expense for 2012 and 2013 under each of the following methods:
(a)
Straight-line
(b)
Sum-of-the-years’-digits
(c)
Double-declining balance
(d)
Units-of-production

ACC 550 FINAL
EXAM INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING I

BRIEF
EXERCISES
1.
On October 1, 2012, Chang, Inc. assigns $1,000,000 of its accounts receivable
to Easley National Bank as collateral for a $750,000 note. The bank assesses a
finance charge of 2% of the receivables assigned and interest on the note of
9%. Prepare the October 1 journal entry to record the assignment.

2.
Oak Incorporated factored $150,000 of accounts receivable with Ingram Factors,
Inc. on a without-recourse basis. Ingram assesses a 2% finance charge of the
amount of accounts receivable and retains an amount equal to 6% of accounts
receivable for possible adjustments, payable back to Oak to the extent it is
not needed after 6 months. Prepare the journal entry for Oak Incorporated to
record the factoring of the receivables.

3.
Assume the same information as #2 above, except that the receivables are
factored with recourse. Prepare the journal entry for Oak to record the sale,
assuming that the recourse liability has a fair value of $7,500.

4.
Thompson Company had ending inventory at end-of-year prices of $100,000 at
December 31, 2011; $119,900 at December 31, 2012; and $134,560 at December 31,
2013. The year-end price indexes were 100 at 12/31/2011; 110 at 12/31/2012; and
116 at 12/31/2013. Compute the ending inventory for Thompson Company as of
December 31, 2013 usng the dollar-value LIFO method.

5.
Stopman Company took a physical inventory on December 31 and determined that
goods costing $200,000 were on hand. Not included in the physical count were
$25,000 of goods purchased from Newberry Corporation, f.o.b. shipping point,
and $22,000 of goods sold to Juarez Company for $30,000, f.o.b. destination.
Both the Newberry purchase and the Juarez sale were in transit at year-end.
What amount should Stopman report as its December 31 inventory?

6.
The Company began the year with $200,000 in Allowance for Sales Returns. During
2012, Hollings Industries recorded sales of $10,600,000. Cost of goods sold
totaled $6,360,000 (60% of sales). The Company estimates that 8% of all sales
will be returned. Prepare the year-end adjusting entries to account for
anticipated sales returns, assuming that all sales are made on credit and all accounts
receivable are outstanding. 7. Sanford Corporation has the following four items
in its ending inventory:

Item
Cost
Net Realizable Value
Jokers
$2,000 $2,100
Penguins
$5,000 $4,950
Riddlers
$4,400 $4,625
Scarecrows
$3,200 $3,830

Determine
the final lower-of-cost-or-net-realizable-value of inventory, assuming it is
applied (a) on an item-by-item basis and (b) on a total inventory basis.

8.
Apache Inc. purchased land, building, and equipment from Sahara Corporation for
a cash payment of $315,000. The estimated fair values of the assets are land
$60,000, building $220,000, and equipment $80,000. At what amount should each
of these three assets be recorded?

9.
Alamos Co. exchanged equipment and $18,000 cash for similar equipment. The book
value and the fair value of the old equipment were $82,000 (cost of $110,000
and A/D of $28,000) and $90,000, respectively. Prepare the journal entry to
record the transaction, assuming that that exchange has commercial substance.

10.
Assume the same facts as #9 above, except that the exchange does not have
commercial substance. Prepare the journal entry under that assumption.

PROBLEMS
1.
The trial balance before adjustment of Pratt Company reports the following
balances:
DR CR
Accounts
receivable $100,000
Allowance
for doubtful accounts $
2,500
Sales
(all on credit) $650,000

REQUIRED
(a)
Prepare the adjusting entry for estimated bad debts assuming that doubtful
accounts are estimated to be:
i.
7% of gross accounts receivable
ii.
1% of net sales
(b)
Assume that in the following year, a $2,000 account was written off as
worthless. Provide the journal entry to show the writeoff.
(c)
Later in that year, the person whose debt had been written off wrote the company
to apologize for his delinquency and enclosed a check for $1,200, all of the
money that he could afford at the moment. Provide the journal entries to show
this recovery.

2.
Inventory information for Orange Company discloses the following information for
the month of June:
June
1 Balance
300 units @ $10
June
10 Sold 200 units
June
11 Purchased 800 units @ $11
June
15 Sold 500 units
June
20 Purchased 500 units @ $13
June
27 Sold 250 units

REQUIRED
Calculate
Ending Inventory at June 30 and Cost of Goods Sold for the month of June under
each of the following methods:
(a)
FIFO Perpetual
(b)
LIFO Periodic
(c)
Average Cost Perpetual

3.
Presented below is information related to Tyler Company:
Cost Retail
Beginning
Inventory $ 200,000 $280,000
Purchases
$1,425,000
$2,140,000
Markups
95,000
Markup
cancellations 15,000
Markdowns
35,000
Markdown
cancellations 5,000
Sales
2,250,000

REQUIRED
(a)
Compute the ending inventory by the conventional retail inventory method.
(b)
Compute the ending inventory by the gross profit method, assuming that gross
profit is 40% of sales.

4.
Tiger Industries purchased $12,000 of merchandise on February 1, 2012, subject
to a trade discount of 10% and with credit terms of 3/15, n/60. It returned
$3,000 (gross price before trade or cash discount) on February 4. The invoice
was paid on February 13.

REQUIRED
(a)
Assuming that Tiger uses the perpetual method for recording merchandise
transactions, record the purchase, return, and payment using the gross method.
(b)
Assuming that Tiger uses the periodic method for recording merchandise
transactions, record the purchase, return, and payment using the net method.

5.
Roddick Company purchased equipment for $304,000 on January 1, 2012. It is
estimated that the equipment will have a useful life of 8 years and a salvage
value of $16,000. Estimated production is 40,000 units. During 2012, the
equipment produces 1,000 units; during 2013, the equipment produces 12,000
units.

REQUIRED
Calculate
depreciation expense for 2012 and 2013 under each of the following methods:
(a)
Straight-line
(b)
Sum-of-the-years’-digits
(c)
Double-declining balance
(d)
Units-of-production

ACC 550 FINAL
EXAM INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING I


BRIEF
EXERCISES
1.
On October 1, 2012, Chang, Inc. assigns $1,000,000 of its accounts receivable
to Easley National Bank as collateral for a $750,000 note. The bank assesses a
finance charge of 2% of the receivables assigned and interest on the note of
9%. Prepare the October 1 journal entry to record the assignment.







2.
Oak Incorporated factored $150,000 of accounts receivable with Ingram Factors,
Inc. on a without-recourse basis. Ingram assesses a 2% finance charge of the
amount of accounts receivable and retains an amount equal to 6% of accounts
receivable for possible adjustments, payable back to Oak to the extent it is
not needed after 6 months. Prepare the journal entry for Oak Incorporated to
record the factoring of the receivables.







3.
Assume the same information as #2 above, except that the receivables are
factored with recourse. Prepare the journal entry for Oak to record the sale,
assuming that the recourse liability has a fair value of $7,500.




4.
Thompson Company had ending inventory at end-of-year prices of $100,000 at
December 31, 2011; $119,900 at December 31, 2012; and $134,560 at December 31,
2013. The year-end price indexes were 100 at 12/31/2011; 110 at 12/31/2012; and
116 at 12/31/2013. Compute the ending inventory for Thompson Company as of
December 31, 2013 usng the dollar-value LIFO method.






5.
Stopman Company took a physical inventory on December 31 and determined that
goods costing $200,000 were on hand. Not included in the physical count were
$25,000 of goods purchased from Newberry Corporation, f.o.b. shipping point,
and $22,000 of goods sold to Juarez Company for $30,000, f.o.b. destination.
Both the Newberry purchase and the Juarez sale were in transit at year-end.
What amount should Stopman report as its December 31 inventory?







6.
The Company began the year with $200,000 in Allowance for Sales Returns. During
2012, Hollings Industries recorded sales of $10,600,000. Cost of goods sold
totaled $6,360,000 (60% of sales). The Company estimates that 8% of all sales
will be returned. Prepare the year-end adjusting entries to account for
anticipated sales returns, assuming that all sales are made on credit and all accounts
receivable are outstanding. 7. Sanford Corporation has the following four items
in its ending inventory:








Item
Cost
Net Realizable Value
Jokers
$2,000 $2,100
Penguins
$5,000 $4,950
Riddlers
$4,400 $4,625
Scarecrows
$3,200 $3,830











Determine
the final lower-of-cost-or-net-realizable-value of inventory, assuming it is
applied (a) on an item-by-item basis and (b) on a total inventory basis.



8.
Apache Inc. purchased land, building, and equipment from Sahara Corporation for
a cash payment of $315,000. The estimated fair values of the assets are land
$60,000, building $220,000, and equipment $80,000. At what amount should each
of these three assets be recorded?





9.
Alamos Co. exchanged equipment and $18,000 cash for similar equipment. The book
value and the fair value of the old equipment were $82,000 (cost of $110,000
and A/D of $28,000) and $90,000, respectively. Prepare the journal entry to
record the transaction, assuming that that exchange has commercial substance.





10.
Assume the same facts as #9 above, except that the exchange does not have
commercial substance. Prepare the journal entry under that assumption.



PROBLEMS
1.
The trial balance before adjustment of Pratt Company reports the following
balances:
DR CR
Accounts
receivable $100,000
Allowance
for doubtful accounts $
2,500
Sales
(all on credit) $650,000












REQUIRED
(a)
Prepare the adjusting entry for estimated bad debts assuming that doubtful
accounts are estimated to be:
i.
7% of gross accounts receivable
ii.
1% of net sales
(b)
Assume that in the following year, a $2,000 account was written off as
worthless. Provide the journal entry to show the writeoff.
(c)
Later in that year, the person whose debt had been written off wrote the company
to apologize for his delinquency and enclosed a check for $1,200, all of the
money that he could afford at the moment. Provide the journal entries to show
this recovery.
















2.
Inventory information for Orange Company discloses the following information for
the month of June:
June
1 Balance
300 units @ $10
June
10 Sold 200 units
June
11 Purchased 800 units @ $11
June
15 Sold 500 units
June
20 Purchased 500 units @ $13
June
27 Sold 250 units
















REQUIRED
Calculate
Ending Inventory at June 30 and Cost of Goods Sold for the month of June under
each of the following methods:
(a)
FIFO Perpetual
(b)
LIFO Periodic
(c)
Average Cost Perpetual










3.
Presented below is information related to Tyler Company:
Cost Retail
Beginning
Inventory $ 200,000 $280,000
Purchases
$1,425,000
$2,140,000
Markups
95,000
Markup
cancellations 15,000
Markdowns
35,000
Markdown
cancellations 5,000
Sales
2,250,000


















REQUIRED
(a)
Compute the ending inventory by the conventional retail inventory method.
(b)
Compute the ending inventory by the gross profit method, assuming that gross
profit is 40% of sales.






4.
Tiger Industries purchased $12,000 of merchandise on February 1, 2012, subject
to a trade discount of 10% and with credit terms of 3/15, n/60. It returned
$3,000 (gross price before trade or cash discount) on February 4. The invoice
was paid on February 13.





REQUIRED
(a)
Assuming that Tiger uses the perpetual method for recording merchandise
transactions, record the purchase, return, and payment using the gross method.
(b)
Assuming that Tiger uses the periodic method for recording merchandise
transactions, record the purchase, return, and payment using the net method.







5.
Roddick Company purchased equipment for $304,000 on January 1, 2012. It is
estimated that the equipment will have a useful life of 8 years and a salvage
value of $16,000. Estimated production is 40,000 units. During 2012, the
equipment produces 1,000 units; during 2013, the equipment produces 12,000
units.






REQUIRED
Calculate
depreciation expense for 2012 and 2013 under each of the following methods:
(a)
Straight-line
(b)
Sum-of-the-years’-digits
(c)
Double-declining balance
(d)
Units-of-production











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