Running head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE1Criminal JusticeNameTutorInstitutionCourseDateCRIMINAL JUSTICE2Question 1It is widely thought that slavery is outlawed but in reality that is not the case. Prisonersare the modern day slaves. Duly convicted prisoners carry out involuntary services where theydo a lot of work without pay. There are past instances where prisoners would be leased out tosome private contractors where they offer services and this would be without pay. A court caseby a Virginia supreme court, Ruffin v. Commonwealth, remarked that the prisoners are slaves ofthe state because in the bid of making prisons self-reliant they produced goods that were sold andthe returns sent to the state without benefiting them directly.Many corporates turn into prisoners because they are considered to constitute a source ofcheap manpower. Prisoners in the United States carry out a wide range of services and productsthat are later sold in supermarkets. The proceeds from these products do not benefit the prisonersdirectly but go to the state. There are instances where prisoners work under hazardous conditionsby being subjected to dangerous working conditions like getting exposure to lead while dealingwith old electronics. In some instances, prisoners are underpaid through the convict lease system.This in itself is abuse of human rights in terms fair remuneration.Question2DecentralizationDecentralization has come with challenges and one of these challenges bein ...
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